Crew on Power Dam Increased

CAR OF CEMENT COMING IN

Work on the Project is Going Forward Steadily and Much is Being Accomplished —
Change in Plans From Ones First Adopted.

Work on the power dam at Bend is going forward steadily, of which the people of the town are fully aware, judging by the numerous heavy blasts they hear each day.  The crew has been augmented by 10 Italian laborers who came in from Portland last Saturday. A car load of cement is on the way from Shaniko to be used in the concrete work in various parts of the dam and power plant. The cement is a very expensive item in the cost of construction. Laid down at Shaniko it amounts to $3.80 a barrel. Freighted into Bend takes an additional $5.00 or a total cost of $8.80 per barrel.

Considerable changes have been made in the construction of the dam and power plant from the plans first contemplated. The main dam — as originally planned — will cross the river on an east and west line.  Running north some 300 feet from the east end of the dam and at right angles to it, another dam or retaining wall be built, approximately where the east bank of the river originally stood. Through this dam, which runs north and south, will be placed spillways through which the surplus water will be discharged into the present bed of the stream. From the north end of this dam, the water will be conducted through a short canal to the power plant and dropped 14 feet upon the wheels. This so called canal runs through a ridge of land and will require an excavation seven feet deep. The ground east and northeast of the dam and extending back to the rimrock, will all be under water. A bridge will be built across the top of the dam and spanning the entire river.

The power plant will be built with a capacity of 1,700 horsepower, but all construction is planned so that the plant may be easily enlarged, whenever desired.

Source: Bend Bulletin

Dam at Bend Will Develop Much Power

The location of the power dam at Bend has finally been chosen and it will be built about 400 feet below the water wheel that stands in the river in front of the Club Houses.  As announced In The Bulletin several weeks ago, the structure will be a rock fill dam. It will be made by dumping rock in the river, then overlaying these with gravel, brush, etc., followed by more rock, this again covered with gravel, until the dam will be practically water tight.

The dam will raise the water eight feet. As there is a depth now of about three feet of water at the deepest point, and as the dam will extend at least two feet above the high water line, the total height will be approximately 13 feet. It will be 300 feet long, eight feet wide on top, and will have a slope of 2 to 1 on both the up and down stream sides. This will give it a width of 60 feel on the base. A spill-way take care of the flow of the river, will lie built around the west end. The water cannot be allowed to wash over the top of this sort of a dam.

Pull particulars in regard to the construction of the power plant could not be obtained for this issue.  One plan that is considered quite favorably, however, is to take out a canal from the cast end of the dam, carry the water on a high line to about the location of the present pumping plant, and there drop it on a wheel. It is possible to secure a 14 foot drop by this means. The Bulletin was also unable to learn the amount of power that will be developed, but it is understood that it is possible to generate 3,000 horsepower from the dam.

A. M. Drake will arrive in Bend from Portland the latter part of the week, and soon thereafter the work of building the dam will be taken up in earnest and pushed to an early completion. Mr. Drake, has purchased a full supply of the necessary tools and dam building paraphernalia.

Superintendent of Construction Danielson has had a force of 10 men at work during the past week. Part of them are engaged in building a bridge across the river near the site of the dam. Cribs are built on the river bank, then floated out, at the end of two strong guy ropes, to the desired location, sunk and filled with rock. These cribs will act as piers for the bridge. As the current is quite swift, the placing of the cribs is no child’s play and requires considerable muscle and no small degree of skill. It is interesting work to watch. Others of the crew are engaged in clearing the flat on the east side of the river–removing logs and general debris. From 50 to 60 men will be employed when the work is in full swing.

Source: Bend Bulletin

Work Begins at Once on Dam in Deschutes

A. M. Drake arrived In Bend last evening, accompanied by John T. Whistler and M. J. Danielson. Mr. Drake comes to set in motion the building of the dam in the Deschutes, construction of which was announced in The Bulletin several weeks ago. Mr. Whistler is an experienced hydraulic engineer, having been in the employ of the U. S. government for some time, and will have supervision of the engineering features. Mr. Danielson is an experienced dam builder and will hold the position of superintendent of construction. Work on the dam will be begin at once, and when finished an electric power plant will be installed, to furnish power for the pumping plant and to light the town.

As we go to press, Messrs, Drake, Whistler and Danielson are making an examination of the river, with the view of choosing the location of the dam. One site considered is directly in front of the Club Houses and another in the wide bend of the river just above the Linster planing mill. The final location will be somewhere between these two points.

It is impossible to give the details of construction, length, height, and general size of the dam, until the location is finally chosen. A full description will be given in our next issue. This will be the first dam on the Deschutes built for power purposes.

Source: Bend Bulletin

Bend Will Soon Have Electric Light Plant

bend-bulletin-3-3-1909Bend will have electric lights in the near future. A. M. Drake has fully decided to put in a dam and power plant and will supply the town with the long desired electric system. Mr. Drake has modified his plans somewhat and will build the first dam across the river a short distance from the present pumping plant. There is a natural site there for a small dam, and Mr. Drake’s plan for the present is to develop what power will be needed for an electric light plant and for pumping water for the city system. Work will begin on the dam in the immediate future and the plant will be pushed to completion.

Later, when there is more demand for power, a dam will be built in the narrow gap directly north of the old bunk house site, but nothing will be done with that project at present.

Source: Bend Bulletin 3-3-1909

Local Bits.

The state fish and game warden has acknowledged receipt of the petition sent in from Bend asking that fish ladders be built around obstructions in the Deschutes so that salmon can come up the stream. He asks for an estimate is to what it would cost to blast out a fish way over the falls that cause the trouble.

Source: Bend-Bulletin-2-10-1909-p5

Power Plant For Bend

Mr. John Steidl announced to The Bulletin this week that when A. M. Drake was here recently he made a filing on the waters of the Deschutes with the view of building a power plant at Bend. The filing was made to cover a location at the narrow place in the river just north of the site of the old bunk house. Present plans contemplate the building of a dam at that point, and the installation of a large electric power plant.

Mr. Steidl was not in possession of full particulars of the sire of the plant contemplated, but he said that he expects engineers to arrive at Bend this month to make the necessary surveys. Mr, Drake is in negotiation with capitalists who are interested in power projects, and he expects to have them associated with him in this enterprise.

Such a plant would be hailed with delight by Bend people as it would afford electric lighting facilities, and electric power when that commodity is needed. If this plant is installed it will be the pioneer one in the Bend country, and will be a forerunner of a vast industry that will some day be developed when the thousands of horse-power along the Deschutes now going to waste are put to beneficial use.

Source: Bend Bulletin

Enormous Mill Pond

Largest in Eastern Oregon

Will Have a Capacity Sufficient for Five of the Biggest Sawmills in the United States.

Surveys have recently been completed by the Central Oregon Development Co. which demonstrate that Bend has one of the grandest sites for a mill pond in the entire country. Not a pond that will accommodate two or three ordinary sized mills, but rather one with a capacity sufficient for five or six of the largest mills in the United States.

The Central Oregon company has recently purchased the John Sisemore property south of Bend, It has long been known that this land furnishes an excellent site for a mill pond at some future day, but It was not realized that the possibilities in that line were as great as they have been proven to be by these recent surveys. The surveys show that an area of 265 acres can be covered with water with an average depth of nine feet. A pond of that size — nearly half a section in extent — is practically an inland lake and would be one of the greatest artificial log ponds ever known. John Steidl, who certainly understands the logging and milling business, says that such a pond would furnish logs sufficient for an output of 5,000,000 feet of sawed lumber per day. And Mr. Steidl says that capacity would accommodate five of the largest sawmills in the United States.

Very few of our people realize what such a pond will some day mean to Bend. It can be positively stated that there is no pond to equal it in Central or Eastern Oregon; and furthermore that there is not another site like it on the entire length of the Deschutes river. A full significance of such a situation is more fully understood when the recent statement of an experienced lumberman is taken into consideration. This man is a representative of a large and wealthy lumber firm that has extensive holdings of timber in this section. He stated that he had been worried about securing a pond site sufficient in size at which his company could manufacture its lumber. He had gone up and down the river looking for such a site but could find nothing that was large enough, The other day Mr. Steidl took him out and showed him the possibilities of the pond heretofore referred to; showed him how easy and with what little expense the river could be dammed and an immense pond created. The man was at once satisfied and that day wrote to his employers in the East stating that a pond with abundance of room and to spare had been found.

What does this mean? It means that pond sites on the Deschutes are few and far between and that Bend has the only practical one of any size for many miles up and down the river. It further means that when the railroad comes Bend will have at least four mills of large capacity. That means a pay roll of thousands of dollars every month, and that brings prosperity. The fact that Bend has the only practical mill pond on the river will force the railroads to come here. The tonnage that the roads will get from the mills will be one of the first and greatest inducements to bring them into this section, and they will be obliged by the very nature of circumstances to come where the mills can manufacture their lumber. Thus the pond will be the means not only of giving Bend several large mills with big pay rolls, but with also play a dominating influence in bringing the railroads to Bend.

Four large companies with extensive holdings hereabouts have signified their intention to build mills at Bend as soon as transportation is furnished. When that day comes — and come it will — Bend will begin a growth that will make it the leading city of the state east of the Cascade range, and it will become in truth what some now call it, “the Spokane of Oregon.”

Source: Bend Bulletin

A Glorious Fourth

A Barbecue of 3,000 Trout

Speeches and Music, Bronco Riding, Trap Shooting, Races, Etc., Kept the Visitors Entertained.

Another day commemorating our national independence has been observed in Bend with all the accompaniment of noise, music, sports and hurrah, and a large crowd of enthusiastic and satisfied people have gone home saying that they were very well pleased with their day’s entertainment.

The celebration really began on the night of the 3rd, when load after load of Prineville people began to arrive, these including the ball team. It was not long there after until there was the incessant boom of the giant cracker up and down Bend’s streets. This was kept up until late Into the night and began again early in the morning and was kept up all day, so the celebration had an early start on the 3rd.

The Fourth dawned, bright and clear as it always docs in this most delightful climate. The people began to arrive early and soon there were between 1,000 mid 1,500 people in Bend ready for the day’s sport. There was the young man with his best girl, the young man who had no best girl but who was having a good time just the same; there was mother with the little girls and daddy with the boys everyone decked out in their finest clothes, with money in their pockets and good cheer in their hearts.

The Program Begins.

The day’s program started about 10:30 o’clock by a parade through the streets of a liberty car on which Miss Anna Johnson was goddess of liberty, she having received the largest number of votes in the contest. She was accompanied by two attendants, Misses Hazel Caldwell and Audra Knarr, and a crowd of Bend’s young ladies and little girls representing the states of the union. The parade led the crowd to the grounds, where an interesting program was given consisting of songs, prayer, reading of the Declaration of Independence and a very able address of a few minutes by the Hon. W. E. Guerin, Jr.

3,000 Trout Served.

Then came the grand trout barbecue and basket dinner. Numerous tables had been made for the occasion. These were soon distributed over the grounds in the shade of the trees land various families, cliques, and neighborhood crowds were gathered around them unpacking the good things from their dinner baskets. And during all this time Charley Cottor and his corps of assistants were busy over a great stone stove frying those delicious Deschutes trout. This was undoubtedly the chief feature of the day. For about three hours these men were kept busy supplying the hungry crowd, and when their task was finished they had served close to 3,000 trout. The two crews sent out caught about 2,500 fish. These were added to by the catch of a few individual fishermen, bringing the total up to 3,000, It is doubtful if there has ever been in the United States a similar event, where 1,500 people gathered beneath the big pines, beside running water and feasted on toothsome trout until all were satisfied and none went away hungry. Where is there another community in which this could be done and the fish caught legitimately, no traps, net or other unlawful contrivance having been used? Great in the Deschutes river and toothsome are the trout therein. One man remarked that he had been to clam bakes galore, to ox barbecues, and to feasts of various kinds but Bend’s trout barbecue excelled all of them in uniqueness and in the quality of the food served.

Source: Bend Bulletin

bend-townsite-map-ad-1907

Grover Should Fish Here.

grover-should-fish-here

Bend is to have a trout barbecue on the Fourth again this year. About 2000 fish will be caught for the feast and kept in cold storage until the day of days, when they will be prepared for the table by that expert chef in this line, Chas. Cottor. The law limits the catch to 125 a day for each fisherman, but it is an easy matter to string 10 men along the river at favorite spots for a few days. Where on earth could be found a more ideal spot for Grover Cleveland than on the banks of the Deschutes? –Review.